Yellow wineglass with cut decoration, Otto Prutscher, Meyr’s Neffe for E. Bakalowits Söhne, mod.no. I 195, ca. 1908
Bib.: „Deutsche Kunst und Dekoration“, vol. 20, 1907, p. 340; Passauer Glasmuseum (ed.), „Das Böhmische Glas 1700-1950“. Vol. IV, Tittling 1995, p. 146; archive of the WW in the Museum of Applied Arts in Vienna, contemporary photo, inv. no. WWF 89-15-1, mod. no. I/195
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Otto Prutscher’s glasses with cut decoration from 1907-1912 are among the outstanding designs of the geometric Viennese Jugendstil.
As with other wine glasses, their stem is cut in a chain-like manner, typical for Prutscher. The wave-like decoration of the cuppa is well documented on a fabric design by Prutscher as early as 1907. On glass the rhythmically cut waves with etched yellow lenses are even better emphasized than on the original textile design.
The stem glasses made of colorless crystal glass were first colorfully overlaid, as seen here in blue or purple. Afterwards, the wave-like pattern was wheel cut and then partly colored with yellow etching. The large, transparent wavy band in the center is also entirely wheel cut, which testifies to the high technical mastery at Meyr’s Neffe Glassworks.
The Viennese architect and arts and craftsman Otto Prutscher (Vienna 1880 – 1949 Vienna) was an important representative of Austrian Jugendstil. As a student of Josef Hoffmann and Franz Matsch, he created numerous designs for the Wiener Werkstätte and Viennese residential buildings. He was not only active as a designer and architect, but also as a teacher at the School of Arts and Crafts in Vienna. While his style was clearly influenced by Hoffmann’s works at first, a clear stylistic independence can be seen as early as 1906. Between 1906 and 1915, he produced delightfully reduced works entirely in the spirit of the “Gesamtkunstwerk” (total work of art) of Austrian Jugendstil. The works of the 1908 “Kunstschau” and the 1914 “Werkbundausstellung” deserve special mention too. From 1915 onwards, the influence of Prutscher’s colleague Dagobert Peche became noticeable in his designs. His style became more modern and floral, but not as delicate as Peche’s works. Otto Prutscher never lost his individuality and inspiration. The glass works from 1908 to 1916 also deserve a special mention here. His wine and liquor glasses from this period are, today, in great demand by collectors all over the world.
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