Blue wineglass with cut decoration, Otto Prutscher, Meyr’s Neffe for E. Bakalowits Söhne, mod.no. I 195, ca. 1908
Bib.: „Deutsche Kunst und Dekoration“, vol. 20, 1907, p. 340; Passauer Glasmuseum (ed.), „Das Böhmische Glas 1700-1950“. Vol. IV, Tittling 1995, p. 146; archive of the WW in the Museum of Applied Arts in Vienna, contemporary photo, inv. no. WWF 89-15-1, mod. no. I/195.
Otto Prutscher designed his colorful stemglasses with cut decoration for the glass distributor E. Bakalowits Söhne, Wien. They undoubtedly represent one of the most striking expressions of the geometric Viennese Jugendstil. As early as 1907, they were prominently featured in the renowned art magazine “Deutsche Kunst und Dekoration”. In the following years they appeared in different publications, which shows the enormous success of these designer glasses among the people of the time.
The variation with a hemispherical cuppa is the most striking, since the organic form of the calyx stands in sharp contrast to the strict geometric décor.
The Viennese architect and arts and craftsman Otto Prutscher (Vienna 1880 – 1949 Vienna) was an important representative of Austrian Jugendstil. As a student of Josef Hoffmann and Franz Matsch, he created numerous designs for the Wiener Werkstätte and Viennese residential buildings. He was not only active as a designer and architect, but also as a teacher at the School of Arts and Crafts in Vienna. While his style was clearly influenced by Hoffmann’s works at first, a clear stylistic independence can be seen as early as 1906. Between 1906 and 1915, he produced delightfully reduced works entirely in the spirit of the “Gesamtkunstwerk” (total work of art) of Austrian Jugendstil. The works of the 1908 “Kunstschau” and the 1914 “Werkbundausstellung” deserve special mention too. From 1915 onwards, the influence of Prutscher’s colleague Dagobert Peche became noticeable in his designs. His style became more modern and floral, but not as delicate as Peche’s works. Otto Prutscher never lost his individuality and inspiration. The glass works from 1908 to 1916 also deserve a special mention here. His wine and liquor glasses from this period are, today, in great demand by collectors all over the world.
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